Muslim Communalism, Taliban and its Relation to Deobandi Ideology

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Afghan soldiers fighting the Taliban. Twitter/MoDAfghanistan
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At present, the withdrawal of Taliban in Afghanistan is the most talked about issue globally. And why not? The strategically important region, surrounded by communist countries like Russia, China and fanatic religious countries like Pakistan, Iran, having a medieval mentality, had to be evacuated by superpowers like America. And it just can’t happen. Because of this, countries in Asia, including Europe, America, are also being cautious on the withdrawal of Taliban according to their own interests.

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Afghanistan has always been an important region for India, so there is a lot of commotion in India about the Taliban. On the one hand, while this is directly a matter of foreign policy of India, on the other hand some groups and sections of people are roaming around raising this issue on their heads for their political gains. In this sequence, statements of Samajwadi Party MP Shafiqur Rahman Burke, famous poet Munawwar Rana, Muslim Personal Law Board spokesperson Maulana Sajjad Nomani glorifying Taliban have come. These people, who make statements as representatives of all Muslims, come from the ruling Ashraf class of Muslim society, which is only ten percent of the total Muslim population of this country. It is not that such statements have been made out of emotion without any thought. The simple purpose of such statements is to promote Muslim communalism. As a result, the Ashraf class retains a strong hold on power and supremacy. On the other hand, indigenous Pasmanda (Muslim religious Adivasi, Dalit, Backward) Muslims pay it with their blood in incidents like communal riots and mob lynching.

Ashraf Muslims glorifying Taliban

If we look at the history, it is known that the strongest voice against the two-nation theory and Muslim communalism has been the indigenous Pasmanda Muslims under the leadership of Asim Bihari and they remained in opposition to the partition of the country till the end. Following this glorious tradition, various Pasmanda organizations and its activists spread across the country, through social media and YouTube channels, strongly refuting the statements glorifying Taliban by the people of the Ashraf class, strongly religious, feudalist. Strongly opposing the Taliban, having a patriarchal and medieval mindset.

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If we look at the organizational structure of the Taliban, then its racial and ethnic composition is dominated by the people of the Pathan (Pakhtun) tribe, who are the other tribes (races) settled in Afghanistan such as Hazra, Tajik, Aimak, Turkman, Baloch, Nuristani, Uzbek. Considering Adi inferior to himself and openly discriminated against, Afghanistan means Pathanistan near him. This seems to be a major reason why the Taliban does not have the support of the people of Afghanistan and has started opposing them from anti-Taliban organizations in North Afghanistan, where the population of Pathans is small. The Vice President of Afghanistan himself, who is not a Pathan, has refused to bow down to the Taliban till his last breath.

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