At present, the withdrawal of Taliban in Afghanistan is the most talked about issue globally. And why not? The strategically important region, surrounded by communist countries like Russia, China and fanatic religious countries like Pakistan, Iran, having a medieval mentality, had to be evacuated by superpowers like America. And it just can’t happen. Because of this, countries in Asia, including Europe, America, are also being cautious on the withdrawal of Taliban according to their own interests.
Afghanistan has always been an important region for India, so there is a lot of commotion in India about the Taliban. On the one hand, while this is directly a matter of foreign policy of India, on the other hand some groups and sections of people are roaming around raising this issue on their heads for their political gains. In this sequence, statements of Samajwadi Party MP Shafiqur Rahman Burke, famous poet Munawwar Rana, Muslim Personal Law Board spokesperson Maulana Sajjad Nomani glorifying Taliban have come. These people, who make statements as representatives of all Muslims, come from the ruling Ashraf class of Muslim society, which is only ten percent of the total Muslim population of this country. It is not that such statements have been made out of emotion without any thought. The simple purpose of such statements is to promote Muslim communalism. As a result, the Ashraf class retains a strong hold on power and supremacy. On the other hand, indigenous Pasmanda (Muslim religious Adivasi, Dalit, Backward) Muslims pay it with their blood in incidents like communal riots and mob lynching.
Ashraf Muslims glorifying Taliban
If we look at the history, it is known that the strongest voice against the two-nation theory and Muslim communalism has been the indigenous Pasmanda Muslims under the leadership of Asim Bihari and they remained in opposition to the partition of the country till the end. Following this glorious tradition, various Pasmanda organizations and its activists spread across the country, through social media and YouTube channels, strongly refuting the statements glorifying Taliban by the people of the Ashraf class, strongly religious, feudalist. Strongly opposing the Taliban, having a patriarchal and medieval mindset.
If we look at the organizational structure of the Taliban, then its racial and ethnic composition is dominated by the people of the Pathan (Pakhtun) tribe, who are the other tribes (races) settled in Afghanistan such as Hazra, Tajik, Aimak, Turkman, Baloch, Nuristani, Uzbek. Considering Adi inferior to himself and openly discriminated against, Afghanistan means Pathanistan near him. This seems to be a major reason why the Taliban does not have the support of the people of Afghanistan and has started opposing them from anti-Taliban organizations in North Afghanistan, where the population of Pathans is small. The Vice President of Afghanistan himself, who is not a Pathan, has refused to bow down to the Taliban till his last breath.
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Taliban influenced by Deobandi ideology
There is also confusion about the Deobandi ideology of the Taliban. Some people are giving a clean chit to Darul Uloom (House of Education), the center of Islamic education located in Deoband town of Saharanpur in this matter, while some people can be seen advocating its relation with Deoband. As far as ideology is concerned, one should not have any qualms about the Taliban being a fanatic Deobandi ideology. There are many different interpretations of Islam according to Islamic Sharia law, including the Deobandi school (Sunni Hanafi) which is most dominant in the entire Indian subcontinent, with some spiritual differences. eats. Its origin in India is believed to be from Shah Waliullah. The famous jihad led by Syed Ahmed Barelvi and Shah Waliullah’s grandson Shah Ismail against the Sikh state of Raja Ranjit Singh, which is taught in history books as the Wahabi movement, was actually the Deobandi movement.
After conquering some territory in the first phase of this jihad, Syed Ahmed proclaimed himself as the Caliph and assumed the title of Amirul Mominen (ruler of all Islamic faiths), but he was killed shortly afterwards by Sikh soldiers in the Balakot field. With the payment of taxes, this jihad came to an end. After some time, to keep this ideology alive, an educational institution was established in Deoband town of Saharanpur district of UP. It was not just an educational institution, but after the defeat of the Mughals, the ruling class Ashraf was a tehrik to save and maintain the power of the Muslims and the Arabic/Iranian culture and civilization.
Tablighi Jamaat has also emerged from Deobandi ideology
A social movement emerges from the educational institution of this Deoband in the form of Tablighi Jamaat, which gradually spread as a global organization of Deobandi fundamentalism not only in India but abroad. From this Darul Uloom Deoband a political movement came out in the name of Jamiatul Ulema Hind, which unsuccessfully tried to establish the first independent India government in Kabul by declaring Raja Mahendra Pratap Singh as the head of state of India. This organization later splits into two parts and one part is involved in the creation of Pakistan, in which the main names are Maulana Shabbir Usmani, Mufti Shafi Usmani and Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi and the other part is under the leadership of Maulana Hussain Ahmed for the partition of the country. It has been in opposition, but there is a strange irony that even today the icon of the existing Indian Deobandis is the Deobandi Ulema (whose names have been recorded above) who built Pakistan. The cassettes of books and stories written by him are easily available in the Indian market.
The Taliban are the people of the Pathan caste, descended from these Deobandi madrasas located in Pakistan, whose ideology is completely fanatical Deobandi. Since there is an open opportunity in Afghanistan, there is a campaign to create an Islamic State with Deobandi ideology by Jihad and Ketal, in Pakistan the same work is going on in the name of Jamhooriyat, in India Jamiyutul Ulema Hind, Muslim Personal Law Board, Waqf Board etc. Through pressure on the government, the Ashraf Muslims are saving and maintaining their power and Arabic/Iranian culture and civilization, which has nothing to do with the happiness and sorrow of the deprived indigenous Pasmanda Muslims.
The current Indian Darul Uloom Deoband may not have any direct links with the Taliban, but ideological and historical links cannot be ruled out. On a global scale, Saudi Arabia is the state of Wahhabi fundamentalist ideology, Iran the state of Islamic revolution with Shia fanatic ideology and Afghanistan the state of Deobandi fundamentalist ideology. Whose strategic and political influence on this entire region in the coming days cannot be ruled out. India seems to be in the interest of the country to keep a strict watch on the growth and flourishing of these three types of fundamentalist ideologies within its country.
(Author, translator, columnist, social worker and doctor by profession)
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