Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar converted to Buddhism on 14 October 1956, renouncing his faith in Hinduism. It is believed that this date is associated with the conversion of Emperor Ashoka to Buddhism. This day is also known as the Great Conversion or Dharma Diksha. About 380,000 people from the so-called ‘lower castes’ among Hindus converted to Buddhism that day in Nagpur, Maharashtra. Significantly, this city is also associated with Buddhist folklore and history. This day is also celebrated as Dhamma Chakra Enforcement Day.
The next day, those late to the event were also converted to Buddhism. Based on various reports, the total number of people who converted to Buddhism during this Great Conversion is said to be around 6 to 8 lakhs. Deekshabhoomi, a sacred monument, was also built where the event took place.
Dr. Ambedkar took 22 vows while adopting Buddhism. In these vows, he pledged no faith in the Hindu belief system and vowed to reject any religion or religious practices associated with the Tridev, Rama, Krishna and other Hindu deities. I will not have any faith in Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh, nor will I worship them etc…
Those 22 vows are:
- I Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh will not believe in nor shall I worship them.
- I will have no faith in Rama and Krishna, who are believed to be incarnations of God, nor will I worship them.
- I will not have faith in Gauri, Ganapati and other Hindu deities and neither will I worship them.
- I do not believe in the incarnation of God.
- I do not believe and will never believe that Lord Buddha was an incarnation of Vishnu. I consider it insanity and false propaganda.
- I will not participate in Shraddha (Shraadh) nor will I give Pind-Daan.
- I will not act in a manner that violates the principles and teachings of the Buddha.
- I will not accept any ceremony to be performed by Brahmins.
- I believe in the equality of man.
- I will try to establish an analogy.
- I will follow the Eightfold Path of Buddha.
- I will follow the paramitas prescribed by the Buddha.
- I will have compassion and loving kindness towards all living beings and will protect them.
- I will not steal
- I won’t lie.
- I will not commit carnal sins (sensual sins).
- I will not consume intoxicants like alcohol, drugs.
- I will endeavor to follow the Great Eightfold Path and practice empathy and loving kindness in daily life.
- I renounce Hinduism which is harmful to humanity and hinders the progress and development of humanity because it is based on inequality, and adopt Buddhism as a self-righteousness.
- I firmly believe that the Buddha’s Dhamma is the true religion.
- I believe that I am born again (through this conversion)
- I solemnly declare and confirm that hereafter (after conversion) I will live my life in accordance with the principles and teachings of the Buddha and his Dhamma.
Today on 14 October 2021 is the 65th anniversary of the day when Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar took one of the biggest decisions of his life to renounce Hinduism and embrace Buddhism. He gathered at Deekshabhoomi in Nagpur along with his nearly four lakh supporters and renounced his faith in Hinduism to embrace Buddhism.
Ambedkar was born into the Mahar (Dalit) caste, who were considered untouchables and faced socio-economic discrimination. To end this plight, at that time Ambedkar decided to renounce Hinduism and adopt another religion. It is said that after contemplating for more than 2 decades, he adopted Buddhism and converted to Buddhism on 14 October 1956, seeing a religion that met his then needs.
But before he decided which religion he would choose, Ambedkar was sure of one thing: his religion of conversion would be from Indian soil, not one that had roots elsewhere. He had made an in-depth analysis of the Abrahamic religions of the time and concluded that their monotheistic and monotheistic principles were not in harmony with the diverse and pluralistic nature of Indian society.
Among the three Abrahamic religions—Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, Ambedkar was the biggest critic of Islam. It is a travesty of history that BR Ambedkar, whose blasphemous critiques of the caste system are regularly cited by the Liberal gang to despise and ridicule Hinduism, but his scathing criticisms of Islam and particularly of Muslims in India. The way he described the brutal history. He is cleverly sidelined by these same Left and Liberal gangs.
It is noteworthy that on October 14, lakhs of people had gathered there to celebrate Dhamma Chakra Parivartan Diwas in Nagpur. According to the 2011 census, more than 87% of Buddhists in India are Ambedkarites. On 6 December 1956, six weeks after the initiation of Dharma, Dr. Ambedkar died in his sleep while sleeping at his home in Delhi. He was suffering from ailments like heart disease and diabetes since 1948.
Babasaheb had sensed the danger of the Wahhabis even before independence, a few Congress leaders had suppressed their voice: Read his thoughts about Islam in this article
(How bitterly critical of the religion of Islam Dr. Ambedkar was, can be read in detail by clicking on this second link.)